Categories
geek tech

Undersea fiber optics cables: the backbone of the internet


Since fiber optics was invented in the 60s the world changed incredibly. We send lots of data via copper wires, like 100+ MB/s, but sending data via fiber optics can reach up to 1 TB/s which is a huge improvement.

In order to connect all the countries within the internet we use undersea cables from one continent to another one. The first such cable made specifically for the internet and which used fiber optics was TAT8, in service between 1988 and 2002.

Before that, we have been using undersea cables for the telegraph since the 1850s. You gotta love tech 😀

Categories
geek on the web tech

Internet firsts: see 12 of them now


The guys at Anyhoo have created a list of 12 historical events in the world of the internet. You can learn who invented the internet and read about few of these 12 internet first:
1971, first email – sent by Ray Tomlinson and contained the text QWERTYUIOP
1978, first spam email – sent by Gary Turk trying to sell computers
1985, first registered domain – symbolics.com
1987, first animated GIF – created by CompuServe and was about a flying airplane
1989, first search engine – created by a Canadian student and it was called Archie
1992, first image uploaded to the internet – the image of The Horrible Cernettes, a group of female scientists working at CERN and singing in their spare time
19… hold on. The rest can be seen in the video from above.

Categories
learn tech

The internet and Google in HUGE freaking numbers


The internet is BIG, way too big for anyone to really comprehend it, but we can, at, least, see a summary of what it is in a couple of minutes.

About the internet:
– 2.9 billion people use it today
– 96% of it is the dark web or underweb
– S citizens spend at least 2.5 h/ day on the web
– we create 527 million metric tons of CO2 yearly to keep the internet working

Now, about Google:

Google has about 88.2% market share in the world of search and earns 58.7 billion US dollars yearly. A Google engineer receives $129k/year before benefits and when Google shut down for 4 minutes in 2013, internet traffic was 40% lower in those minutes.

That is HUGE. Not many people are able to build empires like Google and many of us would like to be part of such an event. In any case, we live a great era and there’s only going upwards.

Categories
learn tech

Vsauce: what’s the difference between internet and web?


Vsauce explains what the difference between internet and the web is. The internet is the collection of networks that interconnect with each other, it is the hardware on top of which runs the web. The web is the total amount of information stored on the internet ie all the sites you can find on the internet.

The web is also divided into open web, the one that is easily accessible to everyone and indexed in the search engines and the deep web, the one that is behind a paywall and that is not indexed in the search engines.

Categories
geek on the web tech

Net neutrality, an ingenious debate between Hank and Hank

Hank Green, from VlogBrothers, explains what the fight around net neutrality is in this ingenious debate between him, the user, and him, the internet provider.

Net neutrality is a hot topic right now and it basically means: every bit is the same and that users should be allowed to access the whatever content from whatever website on whatever device they’d want without the ISPs setting any limit whatsoever.

Everything should be treated the same as a bit is a bit, as Leo Laporte says, even is that bit comes from a movie or from a text file. Case closed.

Categories
blogging&wordpress infographics

7 shocking stats about the internet in 2014

The guys at staff.com have created a nice infographic about the internet and, while most of the info from this image is already known, you need to keep your eyes on the Chinese internet.

Why? you’d ask. Because China’s internet is HUGE. China has 564 million internet users and Chinese website Alibaba has more sales than Amazon and eBay combined.

Aaaand, 350 million photos are uploaded daily to Facebook. Another interesting thought: the total video amount uploaded to YouTube in one yer amounts to about 43 000 years of Hollywood video. Wow!

7-shocking-stats-internet-2014

Categories
geek on the web

TPP, a SOPA like treaty is being signed by Obama right now: Goodbye, net neutrality

tpp-stop-the-secrecy-goodbye-net-neutrality
Tim Wu, the author of The Master Switch: The Rise and Fall of Information Empires (Vintage) (afill link), wrote for the New Yorker that in 2007 Obama swore to him that he will protect net neutrality, but yesterday it seems that << Obama’s chairman of the Federal Communications Commission, Thomas Wheeler, has proposed a new rule that is an explicit and blatant violation of this promise. In fact, it permits and encourages exactly what Obama warned against: broadband carriers acting as gatekeepers and charging Web sites a payola payment to reach customers through a “fast lane.”>>

That means that they, the ISPs and the authorities, will let the ISPs become the guardians of the web and then discriminate as they wish, by limiting the speed of access to some sites and accelerating the speed of others. No equality, only bullshit from the ISPs.

If the web is not on a plain level, with equal access to data on what device you want, wherever you are and whatever site you’re looking at, then the internet and web as we know them are lost.

Just as Leo Laporte, from Security Now says: “A bit is a bit, no matter if it comes from a text file or a video”. He is damn right and the ISPs and Obama should not behave like the internet, on its whole, is theirs. The internet is ours. We are, as Rebecca MacKinnon says în her book called Consent of the Networked: The Worldwide Struggle For Internet Freedom (afill link), “netizens”, not mere users, but people who are living a digital life also, and we demand ISPs to respect us as good paying citizens.

So, stop de bullshit, stop the secrecy. Spread the word and make Obama be a good internet guy again.

Categories
on the web tech

Project Loon – how the internet will become ubiquitous


Rocketboom did a short video packed with details about Google’s attempt to give internet to everyone in the World. Project Loon, called this way because the internet will be broadcasted via baloons in the stratosphere, wants to help remote areas get a change to a better education, through online lessons, better healthcare, through online connections between doctors and people in need, and they even want to help generate new online businesses.

Rocketboom asks a few questions regarding how this system would work and if there will be political or military interference. More probably than not enough countries will refuse to cooperate in this initiative and something like Project Loon might become a pain point in diplomatic affairs all over the World.

I am eager to find out how this will unfold, but one thing is sure: internet can and will help more people than we would imagine. Think about all the stuff you can learn about on the web.

See what Google says about Project Loon:

Categories
learn on the web

Epipheo: if you do not pay for the product, then YOU are the product


Well, that’s not something new. “Free” was never free. You data is a commodity, a currency with which you pay that free service. And it becomes more obvious with the passing of time that you are paying for every second you are using the “free” service.

How do you pay for the “free” service? You pay with your time, with your input (statuses, photos, videos, knowledge, what you share, your connections and so on) and in return you are returned a ToS (terms of service) sheet that tells you that you basically have no right over your own photos that you upload in a photos sharing website.

We may need to rethink this world and see us not as users that receive free service, but a full members of the Internet, netizens, with rights and obligations and with the right to choose what it’s being done to our information.

the web is not just a place where we hang our anymore. It’s our life, our second life. Facebook and other web silos should start thinking in other terms. They should also create a board where the netizens can word their opinions. We give you our time and data and in return you receive a ton of money from the advertisers. Now you should listen.

I like the video above and the fact that it shows that our data is important and we should keep it dear and near to us.

Categories
infographics

Power to the online people – infographic

In the infographic from below, created by Open Site, you can see that the idea that social media is the new major media is coined. Thus, social media is reactive. I’m not sure about it being a major media, however social media promises to be the big boy of the web and it has already proven it’s effectiveness in the Arab Spring Revolution.

Social media is also proactive. See the anti-SOPA/ACTA movement. The web has proven that can help in many ways and that we should not ignore any trends that can be seen. Sometimes you can read about an earthquake with 30 seconds before it hits you. Now, that is something!

power-to-the-online-people-infographic