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geek learn tech

AMD CPU Zen, CPU vs GPU, SD cards

In sweet preparation of my dream gaming pc I am looking left and right in order to see what are the best computer components to get into that gaming machine. Later in the summer I’ll have the new gaming rig at home and I’ll enjoy some fine gaming with the newest games from 2015 and on.

Until I’ll get all those coins in one place I’m spending my time playing games like Skyrim or watching the X Files, the old series. And also learn as much as I can about computer parts. And also blog from time to time about random stuff, like IT/tech and science.

Now, should we wait for the AMD Zen architecture from their CPU line? My thought on this: don’t wait. Buy something good enough now, wait for the Zen architecture to mature 1-2 years and then see if it is worth it to use it. For now Intel makes the best CPUs, but AMD makes the most affordable ones.

Good question: why do we need GPUs when we already have a central processing unit, the CPU? Well, the GPU is a special purpose CPU and this is why it is used to process graphics. The CPU is a general purpose processor which is able to handle any program, not just graphics.

And to finis, here is a short history lesson about the SD cards: quite small, they pack the storage punch really hard. Small and cute:

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geek tech

2016: get you pc overdose by learning about BIOS, UEFI, M.2, SATA, SAS, CPU vs GPU, extreme gaming rigs

2015 was full of IT/computer stuff and 2016 awaits the ZEN CPU architecture from AMD. Although Intel won’t reduce the prices for its processors even if AMD catches up, maybe we’ll finally see AMD CPUs being on par with Intel ones. Long history between those two, you know.

First, let’s start by learning with TechQuickie about the tech in our computers. You don’t need to remember everything said in the videos, but it will help you in the future. Nothing worse than listening to guys talking pc stuff and you being a complete noob about pretty much everything.

What is BIOS? Why was UEFI invented? BIOS is the Basic Input Output System, a software built into the motherboard itself (on a ROM chip aka flash chip) which is able to detect the components of the computer and let you run some diagnostics. It does basic stuff and can handle drives up to 2TB. This is why UEFI, Unified Extensible Firmware Interface, was created.

UEFI can use an actual graphical interface, inclusing mouse usage, will recognize drives way bigger than 2TB and is faster. Linus explains more in the video from below:

Now, what about video editing? In the era of the film you would need to physically cut and then paste a part of the film into another part. A tedious process prone to human error. After video casettes became a thing machines that could stop a video and then record a part of it onto another casette were created. Learn more about video editing and about the difference between film and video:

But what is film really? Let’s learn more about film in the video from below:

But how are CPUs made? Well, it is pretty much like 3D printing with etching combined. The factory creates a layer of silicon, then uses lasers to cut into it and create transistors this way and then another layer is setup to insulate from the next layer of silicon based transistors. A process that is impossible to do without robots and a very clean environment:

In order to make the computer faster the M.2 connector has been invented. This allows you to have flash drives installed in your computer and increase the write/read speeds up to 4 GBps, which is a huge increase. Also, M.2 drives are significantly smaller than hard drvies or SSDs.

Usually the M.2 drives use the PCI E 3.0 X4 port in order to connect to the computer. There are many types of devices that can use the M.2 port, like WiFi or Bluettoth, so you need to be careful at dimensions, usage and drive sizes.

Now, whats the difference between SATA and SAS. SATA ports allow you to transfer data from your drive in speeds up to 600MB/s, but SAS can reach up to 12 Gbps. SAS is Serial Attched SCSI and can deal with incoming and outgoing data at full speed at the same time as SATA can deal with only one type of data at a time.

SAS also uses drives that have up to 15000 RPM, but cost more and are usually used for servers, not for home usage. SAS is tipically used when you need a lot of people to access you hard drive at the same time. So, the general advice is to stick with SATA or M.2 or PCI E or with RAM drives for home usage.

Now, let go into the pc gaming realm once we’ve feasted on tech knowledge in regards to all these shiny ports. Lets see what Newegg has to say about Gigabyte Xtreme Gaming graphics cards like this 629 GBP video card:GeForce GTX 980Ti Xtreme Gaming.

If you ask me, in terms of performance Intel beats AMD in the processor world and Nvidia beats ATI in the GPU world. If you have the cash, then Intel + Nvidia is a good choice, if not, then AMD + ATI will bring you almost the same performance, but with at least 10-30% in price reduction.

When I look for a new computer, be it laptop or gaming rig, I usually look at the newest generation of i7, which is Skylake now. But each generation of CPUs has its own i3, i5 and i7 version with each having different subversions. It is crazy. Learn about these difference from PC Advisor.

Also, did you ever wanted to know the difference between a CPU and GPU? GPU is more prone to graphics and triangle calculation whereas the CPU is more prone for general works, like video processing, browsing. GPU is a specialist CPU which handles the way pixels are displayed based on the 3D model. When fewer calculations are needed a CPU can be faster, but when millions of floating point calculations need to be done, then a GPU will use parallel calculations to solve the issue much faster than a regular CPU:

Also, what is the big fuss about DirectX 12 which runs only on Win 10? Well, DirectX 12 will let you use all the cores in the CPU while in-game so this will increase the life of your processor. This is the biggest change, but will also allow you to save on power usage and offer better effects. When gaming you need to be able to use any extra performance to have a better experience.

Now that you use a DX 12 compatible video card, would gaming laptops with GTX 980 video cards worth the money? It seems like yes, they are worth the money:

Finally, I like what Jay has done with his extreme rig and with all that liquid cooling in there. I won’t go overkill like that, but it is a good to know what you can do with your gaming rig:

Learn more about liquid cooling from Maximum PC.

Bonus: what can you go with a 30 000 USD gaming rig? Well. you can allow 7 people to play with this single machine. Linus explains:

In the mega gaming rig they use two Intel® Xeon® Processor E5-2697 v3 processors with a cost of 2700USD each. Other parts:
– motherboard Asus Z10PE-D8 WS, allows 7 video cards on it and two Intel Xeon processors
– 256 GB or RAM from Kingston, 32GB each
– seven AMD R9 Nano video cards
– 1600W power supply

Happy 2016 😀

Categories
geek tech

Gaming pc, buyers guide. Bonus: CPU cache and things to try in Fallout 4


Linus explains, once again, what parts you need to use in order to create a gaming pc. Incredibly enough you can build a 1080p gaming pc even with 700 dollars. You can then move one to $1200 and even $2200 to build performance based workstations which can also be used for video processing.

Although my dream gaming pc is a little different now than last year, the basics are the same: you first need to know exactly what for you will use the gaming pc and then decide what to spend money on.

For example, if you want a pc for gaming only, then you can easily use an i5 processor with a good video card. If you also want some processing power for video processing, then an i7 could be a better fit.

Also, will you upgrade each year or will you use the pc for a good while? When I think of a gaming pc I usually try to make it future proof for about 4 years.

A new gaming pc I would build today costs about $3000 and would use a Skylake i7 processor, 32 GB DDR4 @3200Mhz, a GeForce Titan X or a R9 Fury X plus the other parts, among them a Z170 motherboard. Just because.

Also, it is best to buy processors which have the most cache you can get. Why? Because a processor with bigger cache memory can perform more computations/second that one without a cache. Here is why:

As far as games go, Fallout 4 and GTA V are in my top three, although the thought of a new release of Rainbow Six tingles my brain each day. Oh, the joy of destroying everything in your way just to get through the day 😀

What you should definitively do in Fallout 4:

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geek tech

Case fans: do they help when using a gaming pc?


Yes, they do help, not even the gamers, but anyone else too. You need to use at least 2-3 fans inside the computer case in order to provide a steady flow of new, cooled air so that the motherboard, CPU and video card can run at lower temps.

In the video from above you will notice that when you do not use case fans the temps are as following CPU @ 71 degrees C, GPU @ 92 degrees C.

With 1 front + 1 back, you already win a lot: CPU 61deg + GPU 79.

With 2 front + 1 back + top, you win more: CPU 55deg + GPU 76.

After a while you can as many fans as you wish, but the effect won’t be noticeable.

The sweet spot seems to be when using at least two fans. Make sure you use case fans, people!

Categories
entertainment geek

Build an $1000 gaming pc with help from Linus


Linus explains how you can build a $1000 gaming pc using only AMD parts. The gist? You can play video games on a 4K monitor with those specs. Pretty impressive, eh?

What did he choose? You can see the list in here and, because I’m lazy as always, I’ll just copy those specs and links in here too:
AMD FX6350
NCIX: http://bit.ly/13FT5lp
Amazon: http://geni.us/1kQ0

AMD R9 285
NCIX: http://bit.ly/1JRc11B
Amazon: http://geni.us/1RR9

MSI 970 Gaming
NCIX: http://bit.ly/1GZ8xrq
Amazon: http://geni.us/1Cnt

AMD RAM
NCIX: http://bit.ly/1GZ8Kek
Amazon: http://geni.us/1AtZ

While the specs are a bit off from my dream gaming pc, they are pretty solid and, as you might have imagined, most people won’t even use a 2K monitor, let alone a 4K one. So, you’re pretty much safe when you use the specs from above. Two years from now on you’ll be ble to play the newest games that are published.

Categories
tech

Build a gaming PC for under $750.


Jays2Cents helps us again with tips and tricks in buying a new gaming pc that is under $750. It is not the best in town, but it does the job. You can play the games that are sold today and you can be happy for one year from now on.

Here is the config JayzTwoCents has created:
CPU: AMD Athlon X4 860K
Cooler: Hyper 212 Evo
Mobo: Gygabyte F2A88X-UP4 FM2+
RAM: G.Skill Sniper Series 8GB
HDD: Seagate Barracuda 2TB
PSU: 550W Seasonic G
GPU: Powercolor R9 270X Devil
Case: Corsair Graphite 230T
Optical: Lie-On DVD-RW
Total $720.14

My dream gaming pc costs more like $1500 and I wrote about it in the blog post about the dream gaming pc.

Also, here is the image with the specs:
build-gaming-pc-under-750-2014

Categories
geek learn tech

The best AMD APU upgrade? A dedicated graphics card. I LOL’d


Not much to say about this, actually. APU processors from AMD do a fine job in using those processors as graphics cards too, but they are weak. You may use a R7 270x in dual mode with the APU, but it won’t help too much.

The answer is always: dedicated graphics card. This is why I like the FX line of processors. They have to crunch numbers and a dedicated graphics card will handle the video games as they should. Separation of power in a gaming pc, bro.

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geek tech

AMD FX 8 core processors: sweet dreams. FX 8370 vs FX 8370e


While AMD gets pretty close to the i5s and the i7s from Intel, it does so by being a bit cheaper and this is something I like. The guys at Tek Syndicate tested the 8 core FX processors FX 8370 & FX 8370e and found out that the first one was a bit better, by 2-3 frames in each test they did while running the video games at max settings.

What caught my attention and what needs to be stressed: certain processors only go best with certain motherboards and wit certain graphics cards.

Check the image from below taken from the video above:
amd-fx-9590-processor-motherboard-990FX

As you can see, an AMD FX-9590 processor, like the one form my dream gaming pc, works best on an AMD 990FX motherboard and with an AMD Radeon R9 290X graphics card. You could couple these with a Cooler Master Nepton 280L PC CPU Liquid Water Cooling System and a 100W power supply with PSU from Fractal Design called Tesla R2 .

Now you’re ready to game!

Categories
entertainment geek tech

MSI Z97 Gaming 7 Motherboard and AMD vs Intel For Gaming PC 2014


Gaming pcs are good fow various tasks, but especially for gaming. If you have read about my dream gaming pc then you know these rigs can become quite pricey, but you could have a moderately good gaming pc for $500 too. The MSI Z97 Gaming 7 Motherboard, which has a review in the video from above, has Socket LGA 1150, very well suited for Intel i7 and 3-way CrossFireX and 2-way SLI ready. What would you want more? Well, a ton of USB ports, maybe, which it has.

Now, if you wanted to check whether AMD of Intel is best to use for gaming, please check the video from below:

AMD provides fairly close performance to the i series from Intel, but at a cost 10-30% smaller. If you have enough money to spend, then an Intel i7 is the way to go, otherwise, you can buy an AMD FX 9590 and you’ll be as happy as it gets.

Categories
entertainment geek tech

My dream gaming pc – list of computer components for gaming

LOL, I’ve been a lazy blogging ass yesterday, but I made my wishlist for a dream gaming pc. Really. I checked countless hours yesterday searching for the best computer components that would build me a gaming computer. I checked AMD vs Intel processors and ATI vs GeForce video cards and so on.

What I can say is that the AMD processors are close to Intel as performance, but they cost about 10%-30% less and the ATI video cards are close to GeForce and about the same price range. Maybe some dozens of bucks more or less.

Also read how to build a gaming pc on a bugdet and watch this AMD vs Intel for gaming video.

So, I created yesterday a wishlist in my Amazon account.

Here is my dream gaming computer – total is around $1440. It is not high end, neither low end. It is in the middle and I want to use this same config for at least 2 years.

Given the fact that the games that will be created in 2014 and released in 2016 or 2017 use the technology we use today or from yesteryear, you can conclude that I may be able to play even the newest games that will be sold in 2016-2017 at least.

So, here is the list:
Corsair Carbide Series SPEC-02 Mid Tower Gaming Case (CC-9011051-WW) – $58.46. Nothing fancy. No need to show off with some killer red-hot case with some extra LEDs all over the place.
Noctua NH-U12 S for Intel LGA 2011,1156,1155,1150 and AMD AM2/AM2+/AM3/3+,FM1/2 Sockets, U Type, 5 Heatpipe,120mm CPU Cooler Cooling – $69.99. This cooler is on the lowest end, but it does the job. Can be used on AM3+ motherboard on which I’ll put an AMD FX-9590 8 core processor
Cooler Master RSA00-SPM2D3-US SILENT PRO M2 1000W ATX 12V Active PFC SATA PCI Express 80PLUS SILVER Module Power Supply – $142.44. I wanted to use a source that has at least 1000W power as the graphics card is very hungry. Don’t really care about power consumption. Electric energy is not at such high prices in Romania. On total we pay about $35/month the electric bill for 2 computers, a washing machine, 8 light bulbs, a refrigerator.
Corsair Vengeance Pro 16GB 2x8GB DDR3 2400MHz PC3 19200 Desktop, Red CMY16GX3M2A2400C11R – $182.99. 16 GB of RAM DDR3 at 2400 Mhz. Do i need THAT much RAM? Nope, but I like to have as much space as possible and I want to be confortable. 8Gb is the sweet spot of gamers today. I may have overdone it, but you won’t me feel sorry as the seet spot might move i the future.
Seagate Desktop 3 TB HDD SATA 6 Gb/s NCQ 64MB Cache 7200 RPM 3.5-Inch Internal Bare Drive ST3000DM001
– $102.99. This 3TB HDD is more than enough as I won’t do any video editing. Just playing games and maybe store my photos and videos I make with my phone. Nothing fancy. Also, no need for an SSD as I don’t care about Windows starting fast. I care about the games running like crazy 😀
Gigabyte AMD Radeon R9 290 4GB GDDR5 2DVI/HDMI/DisplayPort PCI-Express Video Card GV-R929WF3-4GD – $399.99. This ATI Radoen 290 video card has 4GB GDDR5 RAM. also, I specifically wanted a card with 512-bit memory interface as it will be faster than others on 256 bit or 128 bit. Also, it has 4k max resolution. Read why I chose GDDR5 and 512 bit: 128 vs 256 bit and GPU for beginners.
Gigabyte ATX Socket AM3+ AMD 970 Chipset 2000MHz DDR3 SATA III 6Gbps Ready AMD 9 Series FX Motherboards GA-970A-D3P – $79.99. This motherboard is suitable for the FX processor and is able to handle up to 32GB of DDR3 RAM.
Amd FD9590FHHKWOF Fx-9590 Oem Fx-series 8-core Black Edition – $340.44 right now. It is heaper than Intel Core i7 4790K which costs $432. The AMD FX 9590 is the best processor AMD has to offer at this price range.

Also, watch this video of graphics cards comparison from ATI Radeon 250x, 270x, 2080x, and 290x:

I’ll buy the components later on. So, what about you? what is your dream gaming pc made of?